John Teleska, M.Ed., NBCCH

Integrative Medicine Department, Clifton Springs Hospital &
Private Practice, Pittsford, NY (near Rochester)


Evidenced-based Medical Uses of Hypnosis




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"Thatís all very well in practice, but will it ever work in theory?"

—Unknown Academic


As part of my work as a clinician at the Integrative Medicine Department at Clifton Springs Hospital, I was asked to compile this list of some of the evidence-based uses of hypnosis for distribution to the departments and clinics throughout the hospital. "Evidence-based" means there are well-designed, peer-reviewed, published studies that support each of the uses of hypnotherapy listed.

Solid academic research on the efficacy of hypnotherapy lags behind what experienced clinicians and their patients have accomplished in the field. Rather than cause for skepticism, the abundance of case studies reporting anecdotal uses of hypnotherapy for which there are, as yet, no solid supporting research, is motivation for researchers to continue to design studies that may eventually lend support to the many beneficial uses of hypnotherapy in healing and well-being.

The following uses of hypnotherapy are grouped by the departments at Clifton Springs Hospital. Each listed use cites a reference included in the bibliography of evidence-based uses of hypnotherapy, below.

Behavioral health

Anxiety reduction: studies of some of the many issues about which people can be anxious show hypnotherapy effective treatment (e.g., Gay,2007; McGuinness, 1984; Flammer, 2003)

Childbirth: preparation for (Brown, 2007; Mehl-Madrona, 2004)

Enuresis: accomplishing dry beds (Thomson, L., 2007)

Headache: migraine and tension (Hammond, 2007)

Obesity: support for altering diet and relationship to food. Hypnotherapy is support, not cause, for people accomplishing weight loss (Kirsch, 1996)

Pain control (Elkins, 2007)

Phobias (McGuinness, 1984)

Psychosomatic symptoms and issues w/ psychosomatic components (Flammer, 2007)

Smoking cessation: (Green, 2000; Green, 2006, Holroyd, 1980)

Sleep disorders: generally, biologic sleep disorders are not amenable to hypnotic interventions. However, if psychological and/or behavioral issues are contributing factors then hypnotherapy may be useful. (Graci, 2007)

Surgery: preparation for (Montgomery, 2002; Lang, 2002)

Trauma: the psychological effects of (Lynn, 2007)
Cancer / Oncology

Nausea and emesis: reduction of (Marchioro, 2000)

Pain control (Elkins, 2007)

Smoking cessation: (Green, 2000; Green, 2006, Holroyd, 1980)

Surgery: preparation for (Montgomery, 2002; Lang, 2002)

Symptom reduction of pain and anxiety (Neron, 2007)
Cardiology

Essential hypertension and anxiety reduction (Gay,2007)

Smoking cessation: (Green, 2000; Green, 2006, Holroyd, 1980)
Diabetes

Support for altering diet and relationship to food. Hypnotherapy is support, not cause, for people accomplishing weight loss (Kirsch, 1996).

Smoking cessation: (Green, 2000; Green, 2006, Holroyd, 1980)
Gastroenterology

IBS and other stress-related GI disturbances (Gonsalkorale, 2003; Tan, 2005; Whitehead, 2006).
Orthopedics
Surgery: preparation for (Montgomery, 2002; Lang, 2002)
Women's health:

Childbirth: preparation for (Brown, 2007; Mehl-Madrona, 2004)

Hot flashes: reducing hot flashes in breast cancer survivors (Elkins, 2004)
Wound care

Pain control (Elkins, 2007)


"Many... disorders being treated in practice
are not represented in our meta-analysis."

—Erich Flammer (2007); see reference, below


Bibliography of evidence-based uses of hypnotherapy

1.

Brown, D. C., Hammond, D. C. (2007). Evidence-based clinical hypnosis for obstetrics, labor and delivery, and preterm labor. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(3), 355-371.

2.

Elkins, G., Marcus, J., Palamara, L., Stearns, V. (2004). Can hypnosis reduce hot flashes in breast cancer survivors? A literature review. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 47(1), 29-42.

3.

Elkins, G., Jensen, M. P., Patterson, D. R. (2007). Hypnotherapy for the management of chronic pain. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(3), 275-287.

4.

Flammer, E., Bongartz, W. (2003). On the efficacy of hypnosis: a meta-analytic study, Contemporary Hypnosis 20(4), 179-197.

5.

Flammer, E, Alladin, A (2007). The efficacy of hypnotherapy in the treatment of psychosomatic disorders: Meta-analytic evidence. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(3), 251-274.

6.

Gay, M. (2007). Effectiveness of hypnosis in reducing mild essential hypertension: A one-year follow-up. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(1), 67-83.

7.

Gonsalkorale, W., Miller, V., Afzal, A. Whorwll, P. (2003). Long term benefits of hypnotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome. Gut, 52, 1623-1629.

8.

Graci, G. M., Hardie, J. C. (2007). Evidenced-based hypnotherapy for the management of sleep disorders. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(3), 288-302.

9.

Green, J., Lynn, S. (2000). A meta-analysis of gender, smoking cessations, and hypnosis. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 48(2), 195-224.

10.

Green, J., Lynn, S., Montgomery. G. (2006). A meta-analysis of gender, smoking cessations, and hypnosis. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 54(2), 224-233.

11.

Hammond, D. C. (2007). Review of the efficacy of clinical hypnosis with headaches and migraines. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(2), 207-219.

12.

Holroyd, J. (1980). Hypnosis treatment for smoking: An evaluative review. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 28, 341-357.

13.

Kirsch, I., (1996). Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral weight loss treatmentsóanother meta-reanalysis. Journal of Consulting and clinical psychology, 64 (3), 517-519.

14.

Lang, E., Rosen, M. (2002). Cost analysis of adjunct hypnosis with sedation during outpatient interventional radiological procedures. Radiology, 222, 375-382.

15.

Lynn, S. J., Cardena, E. (2007). Hypnosis and the treatment of posttraumatic conditions: An evidence-based approach. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(2), 167-188.

16.

Marchioro, G., Azzarello, G., Viviani, F., et al. (2000). Hypnosis in the treatment of anticipatory nausea and vomiting in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. Oncology, 59, 100-104.

17.

McGuinness, T. (1984). Hypnosis in the treatment of phobias: A review of the literature. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 26(4), 261-272.

18.

Mehl-Madrona, L. (2004). Hypnosis to facilitate uncomplicated birth. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 46(4), 299-312.

19.

Montogomery, G., et al. (2002). The effectiveness of adjunctive hypnosis with surgical patients: A meta-analysis. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 94, 1639-45.

20.

Neron, S., Stephenson, R. (2007). Effectiveness of hypnotherapy with cancer patientís trajectory: Emesis, Acute pain, and analgesia and anxiolysis in procedures. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(3), 336-354.

21.

Surman, O. et al. (1973). Hypnosis in the treatment of warts. Archive of General Psychiatry, 28, 439-441.

22.

Tan, G. (2005). Hypnosis and irritable syndrome: A review of efficacy and mechanism of action. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 47(3), 161-178.

23.

Thomson, L. (2007). Hypnosis for children with elimination disorders. In Wester, W., Sugarman, L. (eds.), Therapeutic hypnosis with children and adolescents, 387-397. Bethel, CT., Crown House Publishing Company LLC.

24.

Whitehead, W. (2006). Hypnosis for Irritable bowel syndrome: The empirical evidence of therapeutic effects. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 54(1), 7-20.

Also, see a Bibliography of Ericksonian Hypnotherapy.




 Contact information

John Teleska, M.Ed.
John@UnconsciousResources.com
(585) 264-9497


 Office Locations

38 Parkridge Drive
Pittsford, NY 14534
SE of Rochester by Powder Mill Park near Bushnellís Basin exit 27 of I-490
Integrative Medicine Department
Clifton Springs Hospital
2 Coulter Road
Clifton Springs, NY 14432
between Canandaigua and Geneva,
New York



Copyright © 2016 by John Teleska. All rights reserved. Updated 7/7/16.